Shimoga District

NICNET SHIMOGA

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IT-SHIMOGA

Shimoga, as per traditional derivations ,the name pertains to Lord Shiva ( 'Shiva - Mukha' - Face of shiva , 'Shivana - Mogu' - Nose of shiva, 'Shivana - Mogge' - Buds of flowers meant for shiva ) . According to the legend, the place had the ashram of the famous sage 'Durvasa' who was noted for his sharpness of temper. He used to keep on the oven a pot boiling with sweet herbs. Once, some cowherds, who chanced upon it, tasted the beverage out of curiosity and called the place 'Sihi- Moge' (Sweet Pot) , Which was later called as 'SHIMOGA' .

Flashback : Remains found in the district disclose that man was reisdent in the area in those early times. In 1881, two early stone-age tools were discovered in a 'Shingle bed' at Nyamati, at a short distance from the Tungabhadra river. They were bifacial pebble tools made of quartzite, one with a rounded working edge and the other with a pointed working edge. Some Neolithic sites were noticed and uncovered at

  • Guddemaradi on the bank of Tunga river near Shimoga city
  • Nilaskal near Nagar in Hosanagar taluk
  • Kunda hill near Agumbe in Thirthahalli taluk
  • Yeddegudde near Thirthahalli
  • Ashoka nagar, Anaveri and Nagasamudra in Bhadravati taluk

Three iron age megalithic sites, with different megaliths, have also been found in the district, at Nilaskal in Hosanagar taluk and Shimoga, which have menhirs, and at Arehalli in Thirthahalli taluk, which has portholed burial chambers.

 

History


History at a Glance

CENTURY

History Events

 
 
3rd This part was the dominions of the Maurayas. Later a branch of Satavahanas held sway over.
4th The Kadambas of banavasi ruled the western part, the Gangas of Talakad administered the eastern part.
6th Chalukyas of badami subdued both the Kadambas and the Gangas, who however continued as feudatories of the former. Later the Gangas lost a major portion .
7th Prinicipality was established at Humcha by Santara Deva, a jain chieftain.
8th The Rastrakutas of Malakhed establised thier suzerainty.
10th The Banavasi along with some other parts were added to Ganga kingdom by the Rastrakutas in recognition of help rendered by the Gangas in defeating the Cholas.
11th The Hoysalas became powerful. As a result of several wars between the Hoysalas and the Sevunas(Yadavas) of Devagiri, the northern parts were held by the latter for some time.
12th Kalachuris were in power for only a short period . Belagutti was the capital of a principality during this time and also later
14th Hoysala power came to an end ,the district became part of Vijayanagar Empire. Araga was the capital of a province under Vijayanagar.
16th At the beginning of this century the house of Keladi Nayakas ( also called Ikkeri or Bidnur Nayakas)established themselves in this area.There was also a small principality of Basavapatna in the east of the district.
17th In 1763 , Haider Ali captured Bidnur, capital of Keladi nayakas, and as a result, this district along with other areas of thier kingdom was annexed to Mysore. After 1799 ,during the early period of Wodeyars of Mysore, the Nagar Naujdari included the shimoga & Kadur(now Chickmagalur).

Shimoga's Freedom Movement

Shimoga's part in India's Freedom Fight Movement : In 1930-31 , a succesfull satyagraha was offered by women at Hechche in Sorab taluk of the district for recovery of properties of satyagrahis, purchased at government auctions in a neighbouring taluk of North Kanara. Poet Kuvempu (Dr. K.V. Puttappa) from this district and several others wrote powerful patriotic lyrics voicing the freedom urge of the people. In August 1927 Gandhiji along with C. Rajagopalachari and Gangadharrao Deshpande visited Shimoga, Bhadravti, Thirthahalli and Sagar talukas of shimoga district, In order to give a fillip to nationalist movement and constructive programme.
From 17th August 1942 onwards, an display of great courage and defiance was showed by people of Isoor village of Shikaripur taluka. Everyday processions were carried out round the village with slogans like
'Do not pay taxes', 'Cut down teak trees and wires', 'Burn the account books of gaudas and shanbhogues'.
On 25th September when the village officer came for collection of assessment and preparation of pahani, their registers were seized by the village youths. The next day the villagers put up a sign board which declared that theirs was a freedom-village. A 'parallel Government' of youngsters was setup.

Source : Gazetter Of India , Karnataka State, Shimoga District